The role of women in development is a right and a duty that is run by a woman in a particular status or position in the construction, development both in the political, economic, social and cultural development in the field of defense and security, both within the family and in the society. The role of women in the development of gender-minded, mean the role of women in development in accordance with the concept of gender or gender roles as has been discussed before, including the role of productive, reproductive roles and social roles are dynamic. Dynamic in the sense, it can be changed or amended in accordance with the development of the situation, can be exchanged between men and women and can vary across cultures.
Promote the role of women in development-minded or gender perspective, is intended to bring about equality and justice or a harmonious equal partnership between men and women in development. Because, in the development process as the fact that women still have a human resource differential treatment (discrimination). Especially, if the public sector women felt much inequality, although there are gender inequalities experienced by men. To realize a harmonious equal partnership between men and women, need to be supported by the behavior of mutual respect or mutual respect, mutual need, mutual trust, mutual caring and mutual understanding between men and women. Thus, there are no parties (male or female) who feel aggrieved and development will be more successful.
Efforts to achieve gender equality in fact had long made by various parties, but still have problems. Gender equality is still difficult to be enjoyed by the whole society especially women. Therefore, the government has taken a policy, about the need for appropriate strategies to reach out to all government agencies, private, urban, rural, and so on. The strategy is known as gender mainstreaming, derived from English gender mainstreaming.With pengrusutamaan gender, the government can work more efficiently and effectively in producing public policies that are fair and gender responsive to the whole society, both men and women. With that strategy, too, the development program will be implemented will be more sensitive or responsive gender. This in turn will be able to uphold the rights and obligations of men and women the same opportunities, the same recognition and respect of the same in the community.
Operationally, gender mainstreaming can be interpreted as an effort developed to integrate gender in policy development program from planning, implementation, monitoring (monitoring) and evaluation. Gender mainstreaming, aiming to the implementation of the planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of national development policies and programs are gender perspective
Gender mainstreaming will then provide a more satisfactory result, if implemented by the entire community, from which members of the government agencies, the private sector such as professional organizations, social organizations, political organizations, religious organizations and others to the smallest unit of the family. Development in the field of health, for example, if the planning, implementation or service, monitoring and evaluation are gender oriented, it is certain that good health can be enjoyed by both men and women. Likewise, development in other areas.