In Slovenia there is a problem with the employment of the people with the finished university. While it is for now still the group of people with the lowest ratio of unemployed, the growth of the ratio is worrying. From 2011 to 2012 the ratio of the unemployment for the people with the finished university increased for 1.2 percent points. It is on the same level as the group that only finished secondary school. On the other hand, people that only finished high school or program on the similar level saw the increase of unemployment of only 0.9 percent points, while people from the craft school had the decrease of the unemployment for 0.3 percent points.
One of the reason is, that there are too many people with the finished university degree than there is new jobs created for them. According to the study made between 2007 and 2009, in Slovenia we create the surplus of 9000 people with the university education, comparing to the number of jobs that are available to them. That surplus then continues to go to the next year, worsening the chances of getting employed for the diplomats with every passing year. Considering the economic crisis and the increase in the number of unemployed, along with the bankruptcy of many firms, we can assume that the situation is even worse in the 2013.
The second problem is that university teach mostly the theoretical frameworks and models and not practical skills. I talked to the director of the big firm and he mentioned that they need to assume these days, that the people fresh from the university have no skills. I also talked to the student of logistics on my economic faculty. He compared the skills that the university thought him in the five years he was enrolled there and what the employers want from the workers. He realized that the university did not give him any knowledge or skills that the employers want. It only gave him a mental framework.
The third problem is that the university enrolls in the different faculties depending on the size of the classrooms and not based on any other criteria. That means that the faculty of economics, where they have a bigger classrooms, they can enroll more student than some other faculty that have less students. Do each year we create a lot of university students, without there being any demand for them. I mean, how many historians do we need?
The level of the education had also fallen. When talking to the people that finished university before the last reform, and every single time we notice that they had a higher level of subjects. With the last reform, that was supposed to put us on the same level as the rest of EU, the level of the university courses had fallen. I had also taken some university courses in German, and I have to say, the level is incomparable. By that I mean, that the level of courses in Germany is noticeably higher.
These are just some of the problems with Slovenian job’s market and universities that have as a consequence the higher levels of unemployed university graduates every year. The financial crisis had created the surplus of university graduates that will be looking for job for a long time. And they are not going to have an easier job than the people with no university, since the university does not longer give us the knowledge and the skills needed by the employers.